When water soluble dyes are precipitated on a substrate of aluminum hydrate they form insoluble products with pigmentary properties, coloring by "contact" and dispersing in the medium of application. Compared to water-soluble dyes from which they originate, lakes have a better resistance to light. Their scope is only in products with a pH between 4 and 7. While in dyes the color strength is related to the amount of product in the Lakes depends on fineness degree of particles: the higher is the grinding degree higher will be the color strength and lower the amount of product to use.

 

  NAME N° CEE PIGMENT N° CLASSE CI COLOUR
INDEX N°
INCI FD&C N°
giallo TARTRAZIN
CHINOLIN
E102
E104
yellow 100
yellow 115
Acid yellow 23 lake
Acid yellow 3 lake
19140:1
47005:1
v
v
Yellow 5
-
giallo2 SUNSET YELLOW E110 yellow 104 Food yellow 3 lake 15985:1 v Yellow 6
rosso PONCEAU 4R
ALLURA RED
E124
E129
-
-
Food red 17
Food red 17:1
16255:1 v -
Red 40
viola AMARANTH E123 Red 193 Food red 9:1 16185:1   -
viola2 ERYTHROSINE E127 Red 172 - 45430:1   -
viola3 CARMOISINE E122 - Food red 3 14720:1   -
blu PATENT BLUE
INDIGOTINE
BRILLANTI BLUE
E131
E132
E133
Blue 78
Blue 63
-

Food Blue 2:1
Food Blue 1:1
42051:1
73015(PD)
42090:2
v
v

Blue 2
Blue 1
nero BRILLANT BLACK E151 - Food black 1 28440 v  

 

NAME BOTANICAL NAME STABILITY
LIGHT HEAT PH
giallo SAFFLOWER
TURMERIC
Carthamus tintorius
Curcuma Longa
good
weak
good
good
good
good
giallo2 CARROT Daucus carota good good good
arancio PAPRIKA Capsicum annuum good good good
rosso BLACK CARROT
ELDERBERRY
Daucus carota L
Sambucus nigra
good
discrete
good
discrete
good
good
viola BEETROOTH JUICE Beta vulgaris weak weak weak
verde2 SPINACH
STINGING NETTLE
Spinacia oleracea
weak
weak
weak
weak
weak
weak
marrone BURNT SUGAR / good good good
marrone2 MALT / good good good

  NAME N° CEE CLASS CI COLOUR
INDEX (food)
COLOUR
INDEX N°
INCI FD&C N°
giallo TARTRAZIN
CHINOLIN
E102
E104
Acid yellow 23
Acid yellow 3
Food yellow 4
Food yellow 13
19140
47005
v
v
Yellow 5
giallo2 SUNSET YELLOW E110   Food yellow 3 15985 v Yellow 6
rosso PONCEAU 4R
ALLURA RED
E124
E129
Acid red 18
Acid red 27
Food red 17
Food red 17
16255
16035
v
v
-
Red 40
viola AMARANTH E123 Acid red 27 Food red 9 16185   Red 2
viola2 ERYTHROSINE E127 Acid red 51 Food red 14 45430   Red 3
viola3 CARMOISINE E122 Acid red 14 Food red 3 14720 v -
verde BLEND GREEN


BLEND GREEN
E102-E131


E102-E133
Acid yellow 23
Acid blue 3

Acid yellow 23
Acid blue 9
Food yellow 4
Food blue 5

Food yellow 4
Food blue 2
19140
42051

19140
42090
  Yellow 5
-

Yellow 5
Blue 1
blu PATENT BLUE
INDIGOTINE
BRILLANTI BLUE
E131
E132
E133
Acid blue 3
Acid blue 74
Acid blue 9
Food blue 5
Food blue 1
Food blue 2
42051
73015
42090

v
v
-
Blue 2
Blue 1
verde3 ACID GREEN S E142 Acid green 50 Food green 4 44090 v -
marrone BROWN HT E155 - Food brown 3 20285   -
nero BRILLANT BLACK E151 - Food black 1 28440 v -
bianco TITANIUM DIOXIDE E171 Pigment white 6   77891    

  NAME N° CEE COLOR INDEX STABILITY
LIGHT HEAT PH
giallo CURCUMIN
RIBOFLAVIN
LUTEIN
E100
E101
E161b
75300
-
-
weak
weak
good
good
good
good
good
weak
good
giallo2 BETA CAROTEN
ANNATTO
E160a
E160b
40800
75120
good
good
good
good
good
weak
arancio PAPRIKA
APOCAROTENAL
E160c
E160e
-
40820
good
good
good
good
good
good
rosso CARMINE
LYCOPENE
E120
E160d
75470
75125
good good good
viola CARMINE
BEETROOTH
ANTHOCIANIN
E120
E162
E163
45430
-
-
good
weak
good
good
weak
good
good
weak
good
verde2 MG CHLOROPHYLL
MG CHLOROPHYLLIN

E140(i)
E140(ii)

75810
75815
weak
weak
weak
weak
weak
weak
verde CU CHLOROPHYLL
CU CHLOROPHYLLIN
E141(i)
E141(ii)
75815
75815
good
good
good
good
weak
weak
marrone SIMPLE CARAMEL
CAUSTIC SULPHITE CARAMEL
AMMONIA CARAMEL
SULPHITE AMMONIA CARAMEL
E150a
E150b
E150c
E150d
  good
good
good
good
good
good
good
good
weak
weak
weak
weak
nero CARBON BLACK E153 77266 good good good
bianco TITANIUM DIOXIDE E171 77891 good good weak